Combination of Fourier and CRS-Based Reconstruction Algorithms in Land Seismic Data

Yuri Bezerra, German Garabito, Mauricio Sacchi


ABSTRACT. The reconstruction based on the partial CRS stacking operator presents higher signal-to-noise ratio and better continuity of events. However, irregularly sampled land data often introduce errors in the CRS attributes, creating artifacts that contaminate the seismic data. Recently, the combination of Fourier and CRS-based reconstruction algorithms has significantly solved these problems. The approach consists of applying a Fourier-based interpolation method as a regularization operator to the original data and then the CRS attributes are searched in the reconstructed data. The CRS attributes determined in this way are more accurate and they can be applied in two different forms, either in the interpolation and regularization of the original data or in the denoising of the Fourier-based reconstructed data. We propose to compare the combination of the Fourier-based interpolation methods MWNI and MPFI with the CRSbased interpolation method in order to evaluate which is the best preconditioner of the prestack data to search the CRS attributes. We applied the proposed flowcharts combining the interpolation methods mentioned above to the land seismic data from the Tacutu basin, which is vintage data with very low fold and noisy. The reconstructed data obtained by the combinations show significant improvements compared to the data reconstructed using the algorithms separately, in other words, the weaknesses and limitations of each method are overcome when they are applied in combination. The MWNI+CRS combination flow produces the best results, with the stacked section of reconstructed data showing better noise removal, enhancement of coherent events, better definition and continuity of steeply dipping events.


land seismic data; processing; regularization; interpolation; imaging

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