Assessing Time-Lapse Full-Waveform Inversion Strategies in a Brazilian Pre-Salt Setting

Brenno Hochwart, Sérgio Luiz E.F. da Silva, Marco Cetale, Roger Matsumoto Moreira


We conducted a comparative study of time-lapse full-waveform inversion (time-lapse FWI) strategies, considering a typical deep-water Brazilian pre-salt setting. This study employed a realistic P-wave model, ocean bottom nodes (OBN) acquisition, noisy data, and a Gaussian anomaly to represent time-lapse model changes. We evaluated the four most commonly used time-lapse FWI schemes. In the first, known as parallel time-lapse FWI, two independent FWI processes are performed from the same initial model, utilizing baseline and monitor datasets. In the second strategy, namely sequential time-lapse FWI, the retrieved baseline model serves as the starting model for inverting monitor data. In both cases, the time-lapse model is derived by subtracting the retrieved baseline model from the retrieved monitor model. The remaining two methods were double-difference and central-difference time-lapse FWI. Our findings demonstrate that all these schemes can detect model variations of 3%. Remarkably, the central-difference time-lapse FWI method demonstrated superior accuracy in producing time-lapse models and, as such, presents itself as a promising strategy for implementation in time-lapse studies within Brazilian pre-salt regions.


Time-lapse FWI; Brazilian pre-salt; ocean bottom nodes (OBN); Central-difference FWI; Seismic reservoirs

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